Public policies to support agroecology in Latin America and the Caribbean

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Sandrine Fréguin-Gresh
Jacques Marzin
Muriel Bonin
Maria Mercedes Patrouilleau
Luis L. Vázquez
Paulo Niederle

Résumé

Versión en español del artículo


Version française de l'article


Latin American agroecology proposes a transformation of conventional agri-food systems. It is driven by social movements that have succeeded in forming coalitions that have promoted its integration into public policies. These policies involve a range of instruments that are often embedded in programmes that also support organic agriculture and sustainable agriculture. However, while these two types of agriculture propose more ecological practices, they do not question the basis of the conventional agri-food system. The implementation of instruments to support agroecology therefore depends on the power relations established within each country. This Perspective analyses these policies and their influence on the development of agroecology in eight countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Mexico, and Nicaragua. These policies remain fragile, while support for large-scale conventional agriculture is still predominant. Their challenge is therefore to convince more broadly farmers, consumers and policymakers about the importance of issues such as public health and food security.

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Comment citer
Sabourin, E., Le Coq, J.-F., Fréguin-Gresh, S., Marzin, J., Bonin, M., Patrouilleau, M. M., Vázquez, L. L., & Niederle, P. (2018). Public policies to support agroecology in Latin America and the Caribbean. Perspective, (45), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.19182/agritrop/00020
Rubrique
Anglais
Biographie des auteurs

Eric Sabourin, CIRAD, UMR ART-Dev, Univ Montpellier

Éric Sabourin is a sociologist at CIRAD in the ART-Dev Joint Research Unit (Actors, Resources and Territories in Development, https://art-dev.cnrs.fr/) and a visiting professor at the University of Brasilia, Brazil (Universidade de Brasília, https://international.unb.br/).

Jean-François Le Coq, CIRAD, UMR ART-Dev, Univ Montpellier

Jean-François Le Coq is an agro-economist at CIRAD in the ART-Dev Joint Research Unit and an associate researcher at CIAT in Cali, Colombia (International Center for Tropical Agriculture, https://ciat.cgiar.org/). He coordinates the platform in part-nership for research and training PP-AL (Public Policy and Rural Development in Latin America and the Caribbean, https://www.pp-al.org/en).

Sandrine Fréguin-Gresh, CIRAD, UMR ART-Dev, Univ Montpellier

Sandrine Fréguin-Gresh is an agro-economist at CIRAD in the ART-Dev Joint Research Unit in Montpellier, France. She works in Nicaragua and Haiti.

Jacques Marzin, CIRAD, UMR ART-Dev, Univ Montpellier

Jacques Marzin is an agro-economist at CIRAD in the ART-Dev Joint Research Unit in Montpellier. He works in Cuba and Haiti.

Muriel Bonin, CIRAD, UMR TETIS, Univ Montpellier

Muriel Bonin is a geographer at CIRAD in the TETIS Joint Research Unit in Montpellier, France (Land, Environment, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information, https://www.umr-tetis.fr/index.php/fr/). She works in Costa Rica.

Maria Mercedes Patrouilleau, INTA

Maria Mercedes Patrouilleau is a sociologist, and a researcher at INTA in Argentina (Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, https://inta.gob.ar/). She focuses on public policies and prospective.

Luis L. Vázquez, INISAV

Luis L. Vázquez is an agronomist and researcher retired from INISAV in Cuba (Instituto de Investigaciones de Sanidad Vegetal, http://www.inisav.cu/).

Paulo Niederle, UFRGS

Paulo Niederle is a sociologist and associate professor at UFRGS in Brazil (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, http://www.ufrgs.br/ufrgs/inicial).

Références

Authors' publications

Fernandes Gabriel B., Romano Jorge O. (Eds), 2016. Agroecologia e os objetivos do desenvolvimento sustentável. Agriculturas 13 (3). http://aspta.org.br/revista-agriculturas/

Rede PP-AL, 2017. Políticas públicas de agroecología na América Latina e Caribe. AS-PTA (Associação Agricultura Familiar e Agroecologia), Rio de Janeiro, 8 p. http://alianzaagroecologia.redelivre.org.br/2017/05/politicas-publicas-para-a-agroecologia-na-america-latina-e-caribe/

Sabourin E., Patrouilleau M. M., Le Coq J.-F., Vásquez L., Niederle P.-A. (Eds), 2017. Políticas Públicas a favor de la Agroecología en América Latina y el Caribe. Porto Alegre, Rede PP-AL, FAO, 412 p. ISBN 978-85-88022-22-5. http://agritrop.cirad.fr/585670/

Other references

Altieri M. A., 1995. Agroecology: The Science of Sustainable Agriculture. Second Edition. CRC Press, 448 p. ISBN-13 978-0813317182.

Ecoforte, Programa de Ampliação e Fortalecimento das Redes de Agroecologia e Produção Orgânica (programme to develop and consolidate agroecology and organic agriculture networks), Brazil. http://www.secretariadegoverno.gov.br/iniciativas/brasil-agroecologico/ecoforte

Gliessman S. R., 2014. Agroecology: The Ecology of Sustainable Food Systems. Third Edition. CRC Press, 405 p. ISBN-13 9781439895610.

IFOAM, International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements. https://www.ifoam.bio/

INDAP special programme to support agroecology, Instituto de Desarrollo Agropecuario (Agricultural development Institute), Chile. http://www.indap.gob.cl/ ; http://www.indap.gob.cl/noticias/detalle/2017/09/07/indap-promueve-d%C3%ADa-nacional-de-la-agroecolog%C3%ADa-y-anuncia-programa-especial-de-fomento

ProHuerta programme, Argentina. http://prohuerta.inta.gov.ar

SOCLA, Sociedad Científica Latinoamericana de Agroecología (Latin American Scientific Society of Agroecology). Agroecology in Action. http://agroeco.org/