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Effet des couches de nanoparticules d’oxyde de graphène dans la résistance du papier d’emballage, ses propriétés de barrière et son activité antibactérienne

M. Akhtari, M. Dehghani-Firouzabadi, M. Aliabadi, M. Arefkhani

Résumé


L’objectif de cette étude était d’évaluer la performance des nanoparticules d’oxyde de graphène dans des formulations de papier d’emballage pour améliorer les propriétés antibactériennes, physiques et mécaniques du carton. Le papier était recouvert avec des nanoparticules d’oxyde de graphène de concentrations de 100 et 200 ppm enduites avec 5 % d’amidon cationique (poids sec) comme aide à la rétention et pour un positionnement plus homogène des particules d'oxyde de nanographène sur la surface du papier. Les surfaces du papier enduites de particules d’oxyde de nanographène ont été caractérisées à l’aide des méthodes ATR-FTIR et SEM. Le test antibactérien a été réalisé selon la méthode de la turbidité. Pour les tests antibactériens des feuilles de papier, Escherichia coli et Staphylococcus aureus ont été utilisés comme bactéries à Gram-négatif et à Gram-positif, respectivement. Les résultats ont montré que l’absorption d’UV a été réduite et que la réduction la plus grande a été obtenue en utilisant des particules d’oxyde de nanographène de 200 ppm. La turbidité dans les échantillons qui incluent S. aureus était aussi plus basse. Le taux de croissance des bactéries S. aureus dans le contrôle et dans les échantillons de papier enduits d’oxyde de nanographène 200 ppm était de 89 % et de 24 %, respectivement. La densité et l’épaisseur des feuilles de papier ont augmenté dans le papier enduit d’amidon cationique et de nanoparticules, en comparaison avec le papier non enduit. Les nanoparticules n’ont pas d’effet significatif dans l’épaisseur des papiers enduits. L’ajout de particules d’oxyde de nanographène a amélioré la résistance à l’air et les propriétés de barrière des feuilles de papier. Les index de résistance à l’éclatement et la déchirure ont augmenté dans le papier enduit d’amidon et de particules d’oxyde de nanographène.


Mots-clés


oxyde de nanographène, activité antibactérienne, propriétés physiques et mécaniques, Iran

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Références


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.19182/bft2019.342.a31796



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