Taghiyari et al.

Effets de l’ajout de nano-wollastonite, de résidus de palmier-dattier et de deux types de résine sur les propriétés physiques et mécaniques de panneaux de fibres de bois à densité moyenne

H. Taghiyari, F.A. Ghamsari, E. Salimifard

Résumé


L’étude porte sur les effets de l’ajout de nano-wollastonite (NW) et de résidus de palmier-dattier sur les propriétés physiques et mécaniques de panneaux de fibres à densité moyenne. Des résines d’urée-formaldéhyde (UF) et d’isocyanate (IC) ont été utilisées à 10 % et 5 %, respectivement, du poids sec du matériau pour produire les panneaux. NW à granulométrie < 100 nm a été utilisé à 5 et 10 % du poids sec des résines, mélangé et pulvérisé sur le matériau avant formation du tapis de fibres. Les résultats ont été ensuite comparés à ceux pour les panneaux sans NW. Ils indiquent clairement une moindre absorption d’humidité et un moindre gonflement en épaisseur pour les panneaux produits avec ajout de résine IC. L’ajout de résidus de palmier-dattier a augmenté significativement les valeurs IB des panneaux produits avec les deux résines, UF et IC. L’ajout de NW a réduit les propriétés mécaniques des panneaux produits avec la résine UF, et amélioré celles des panneaux produits avec la résine IC. En conclusion, les résidus de palmier-dattier peuvent être considérés comme matière première potentielle pour la production de panneaux de fibres à moyenne densité en utilisant les deux résines, UF et IC. D’autre part, l’ajout de NW est recommandé pour la production de panneaux composites avec 10 % de résidus de palmier pour compenser en partie leur moindre résistance mécanique.

  


Mots-clés


minéraux, nanomatériaux, fibres naturelles, feuilles de palmier, panneaux de particules, coefficient de conductivité thermique, wollastonite, matériau de bois composite, Inde

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Références


The authors acknowledge constant scientific support of Prof. Olaf Schmidt from the University of Hamburg, as well as the support of Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.19182/bft2018.335.a31517



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